The Bugwood Network and USDA Forest Service. Foliage. I have two 15 year old Norway Maples. The tips of the points on the leaves are more rounded. While the shape and angle of leaf lobes vary somewhat within all maple species, the leaf lobes of Norway maple tend to have a more triangular shape, in contrast to the more squarish lobes often seen on sugar maples. Bark generally more regularly grooved than sugar maple. In addition, their roots tend to be quite shallow and thereby they easily out-compete nearby plants for nutrient uptake. The leaf shape can be similar, but is easily distinguished by texture and margin structure. Norway maple tends to self sow and become weedy. Q: Over the last couple of years, our Norway and Sunset maples have developed long, vertical splits in the bark. SC038885). The wings are 3–5 cm (1 1⁄4–2 in) long, widely spread, approaching a 180° angle. Opposite. Once pollinated, its flowers develop into winged seeds known as samaras. It is vulnerable to bark stripping by grey squirrels, horse chestnut scale insect and horse chestnut leaf miner. Norway maple infestation. Verticillium wilt (fungus) is a potential serious problem. Branches. Norway maple This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Leaves. Invasive and Exotic Species. Leaves of Norway maples usually are broader than they are high, about four to seven inches wide, with five prominent lobes. Norway maple bark. A number of moth caterpillars feed on the leaves of Norway maple. Cultivars can be purple. Both are losing bark & have branches dying from the top & south side. Unlike many other maples, mature trees do not tend to develop a shaggy bark. Asked May 25, 2017, 10:19 AM EDT. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Similar in appearance to native sugar maple. Norway Maples losing bark on trunks and some branches and having some dead branches . The young Norway maple has a smooth, light brown bark, which gets its characteristic furrows only in old age. Once pollinated by insects, female flowers develop into winged seeds, known as samaras, which fall in autumn and are spread by wind. Flowers. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Bats about trees: winter Broadleaf is out now, Five ways to prepare your garden for winter wildlife. The leaves are opposite, palmately lobed with five lobes, 7–14 cm (2 3⁄4–5 1⁄2 in) long and 8–20 cm or 3 1⁄4–7 3⁄4 in (rarely 25 cm or 9 3⁄4 in) across; the lobes each bear one to three side teeth, and an otherwise smooth margin. Acer platanoides is a tree that usually grows to 40-60 feet in height, but can reach heights of 100 feet.The bark of the tree is grayish and regularly and shallowly grooved. The bark is grey with fine ridges, and the twigs are slender and brown with tiny white spots. Norway maple is generally free of serious diseases, though can be attacked by the powdery mildew Uncinula bicornis, and verticillium wilt disease caused by Verticillium spp. As the trees reach about three inches in diameter, a pattern of narrow and shallow longitudinal fissures appear. Identified in winter by: individual buds that are green and red. The disorder affects Norway maple (Acer platanoides), red maple (Acer rubrum) and sugar maple (Acer saccharum) varieties. Norway maple was introduced to the UK in the 17th century. All are upright, columnar forms 10' to 20' wide and 40' to 60' tall. However it is not often grown commercially due to problems associated with grey squirrels, which strip the bark.Trees are also planted widely in towns and cities, thanks to their ornamental value and tolerance of shade and pollution. Cultivars can be purple. Seedling with cotyledons. This species tends to leaf out earlier in the spring than other maples and forms a broad-rounded crown. These trees are widely planted in towns and cities. In its natural habitats Norway maple is generally free of serious diseases. In North America, both are more common around urban areas, although Norway maple is more common. (All native maples are <90 degrees.) Opposite, 5-lobed, coarsely toothed and pointed. The larvae emerge from eggs laid on the samara and tunnel to the seeds. New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway maple (Acer platanoides). [citation needed], It is favored due to its tall trunk and tolerance of poor, compacted soils and urban pollution, conditions in which sugar maple has difficulty. An introduction grown mainly for ornament, especially for its autumn colours, but widely naturalised. Maple trees growing in an urban environment often weaken from urban pollution, construction around the tree and deicing salts. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Generally comprised of a single central trunk with short lateral branches. Phillips, D. H., & Burdekin, D. A. Branches. [9] Norway maples often cause significant damage and cleanup costs for municipalities and homeowners when branches break off in storms as it does not have strong wood. Norway maple is a deciduous broadleaf tree and can grow to 25m. Bark: On a young Red Maple the bark can be smooth and gray. Norway maple terminal buds are large, rounded, and blunt, with only 2–3 pairs of scales; sugar maple has long, sharply pointed buds with many scales. [5] It is a member of the family Sapindaceae. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Look at and feel the bark, if possible, if the tree is mature. Registered in England No. Leaves usually dark green, turn glorious autumnal shades before the fall. 'Crimson King' - A very popular cultivar that many consider to be overused. The leaf petiole is 8–20 cm (3 1⁄4–7 3⁄4 in) long, and secretes a milky juice when broken. While the shape and angle of leaf lobes vary somewhat within all maple species, the leaf lobes of Norway maple tend to have a more triangular shape, in contrast to the more squarish lobes often seen on sugar maples. Norway Maple is a large, deciduous tree up to 30 m, more slender than Sycamore, with a straight trunk and grey bark with many small fissures. They all have the same thing in c… Norway maple was introduced to North America in … Find out how to spot them, the symptoms and outlook, and how you can help. The bark is grayish-brown, with regular grooves or furrows. The shoots are green at first, soon becoming pale brown. A lot are Norways, which have the leaves of a hard maple but grow very fast. Norway maple has been reported to be invasive throughout the northeastern U.S. from Maine to Wisconsin, south to Tennessee and Virginia and also in the Pacific Northwest. Leaf drop in autumn is initiated when day lengths fall to approximately 10 hours. Fruit (samara): note the flat seed capsule and the angle of the "wings", The larvae of a number of species of Lepidoptera feed on Norway maple foliage. [16] During the 1950s–60s it became popular as a street tree due to the large-scale loss of American elms from Dutch elm disease. [5] The roots of Norway maples grow very close to the ground surface, starving other plants of moisture. How to identify Norway maple. [29] "Tar spots" caused by Rhytisma acerinum infection are common but largely harmless. There is much confusion online as to whether you can tap them for maple syrup. If it is gray-black and lightly ridged and furrowed, the tree may be the popular Norway maple, but might also be a red maple. Stem. [28] Despite these steps, the species is still available and widely used for urban plantings in many areas. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Norway maple seedling with first true leaves. Has yellow fall foliage. Over time, as reforestation occurred across the Northeast, Norway maple joined native tree species as a component of eastern forest ecosystems. Norway maple has been widely taken into cultivation in other areas, including western Europe northwest of its native range. Under ideal conditions in its native range, Norway maple may live up to 250 years, but often has a much shorter life expectancy; in North America, for example, sometimes only 60 years. The wood is hard, yellowish-white to pale reddish, with the heartwood not distinct; it is used for furniture and turnery. Norway maple produces shallow roots . Tar spot is becoming very common on this species. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. It has bright green flowers growing in clusters of up to 30. Credit: M & J Bloomfield / Alamy Stock Photo. In forestland, the maple tree becomes weakened from continuing defoliation caused by pests. Q: Over the last couple of years, our Norway and Sunset maples have developed long, vertical splits in the bark. Since Norway Maple's leafout in spring is also tied to photoperiod unlike most North American trees which leaf out based on air temperature, the tree has a competitive advantage in that it may leaf out well before native trees and shrubs since the latter may be delayed by the weather conditions. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. These splits can be as much as … Leaf shape can … The winter buds are shiny red-brown. The bark of a Norway maple is grayish black and furrowed. Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus). [12] Norway maple seeds are flattened, while those of sugar maple are globose. Flowering and seed production begins at ten years of age, however large quantities of seeds are not produced until the tree is 20. Which can fracture pavement and limit the . Look out for: leaf stalks which ooze a milky sap when squeezed. Norway maple is the most prevalent maple in Europe, occurring from Norway to Iran. Norway maples have simple, green, and opposite leaves. As the tree trunks increase in diameter, the bark matures with ridges gaining thickness and the … The bark is grey-brown and shallowly grooved. 'Crimson King' - A very popular cultivar that many consider to be overused. Mature bark appear 'shaggy'. Leaves have 5-7 lobes, often wider than long. In addition, the dense canopy of Norway maples can inhibit understory growth. Norway Maple. Especially when used on streets, it can have insufficient space for its root network and is prone to the roots wrapping around themselves, girdling and killing the tree. [22] A. platanoides has been shown to inhibit the growth of native saplings as a canopy tree or as a sapling. When selecting a maple tree, be sure to select a species suited Norway maple is a deciduous broadleaf tree and can grow to 25m. [27] The State of New York has classified it as an invasive plant species. Seedlings first were introduced to this country by the famous nurseryman and explorer John Bartram in 1756. Unlike most other maples, this one does not develop shaggy bark at maturity. It can reach heights of up to 100 feet, but is commonly seen at 40 to 60 feet, with a trunk diameter of 1 to 2 feet. Many cultivars have been selected for distinctive leaf shapes or colorations, such as the dark purple of 'Crimson King' and 'Schwedleri', the variegated leaves of 'Drummondii', the light green of 'Emerald Queen', and the deeply divided, feathery leaves of 'Dissectum' and 'Lorbergii'. It was brought to the Pacific Northwest in the 1870s. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. This species as grown in the former Yugoslavia is also called Bosnian Maple, and is probably the Maple used by the famous Italian violin makers, Stradivari and Guarneri. the seeds are disc-shaped, strongly flattened, 10–15 mm (3⁄8–5⁄8 in) across and 3 mm (1⁄8 in) thick. droop at a 45° to 90° angle. Norway maple is affected by a variety of fungal diseases, including verticillium wilt and honey fungus. It is one of the few introduced species that can successfully invade and colonize a virgin forest. Similar Species: Similar to sugar maple (Acer saccharum). Leafout of Norway Maple is tied to photoperiod and initiated when day lengths reach approximately 13 hours, which is generally in April. Sugar maple leaves tend to be longer than wide. This species tends to leaf out earlier in the spring than other maples and forms a broad-rounded crown. VAT No. striped maple: low elevation mountain forests: Acer platanoides. "Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway maple (, "Introduced Species Summary Project: Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)", "Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple, The Wood Database", "North American Maple Syrup Producers Manual", "Testing the enemy release hypothesis: a comparison of foliar insect herbivory of the exotic Norway maple (, "Interim List of Invasive Plant Species in New York State", European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acer_platanoides&oldid=992224300, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 04:06. Seedling with cotyledons. These fungus are the most common maple bark diseases. Norway Maple is frequent in urban areas where it is planted as a street tree or invasive in vacant lots. growth of nearby plants. Norway maple as a large shade tree. Norway maple is a deciduous broadleaf tree native to northern Europe and was introduced to the UK in the 17th century. Leaves. The purple-foliage cultivars have orange to red autumn colour. A native to Europe, the Norway maple is a medium to large size tree. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. Bark color and texture Bark is gray and fairly tightly ridged and furrowed. The tips of the points on Norway maple leaves reduce to a fine "hair", while the tips of the points on sugar maple leaves are, on close inspection, rounded. It would be unlikely for a Canadian to find themselves unable to identify a maple tree, regardless of the variety. In North America, it is planted as a street and shade tree as far north as Anchorage, Alaska. Acer platanoides is a deciduous tree, growing to 20–30 m (65–100 ft) tall with a trunk up to 1.5 m (5 ft) in diameter, and a broad, rounded crown. In the spring, the maple tree will regrow a slightly thicker layer of bark over the fungus infected area and then, the following dormant season, the fungus will once again kill back the bark. On mature trees, sugar maple bark is more shaggy, while Norway maple bark has small, often criss-crossing grooves. It is widely planted as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens. Native to Europe. It grows north of the Arctic Circle at Tromsø, Norway. The Norway maple was introduced to northeastern North America between 1750 and 1760 as an ornamental shade tree. Other Important Facts: The Red Maple is found mostly in Pennsylvania. Credit: Our Wild Life Photography / Alamy Stock Photo. However, Norway maple petioles secrete a red maple. These forms of Norway maple are good choices for street trees. Norway maple seedling with first true leaves. These forms of Norway maple are good choices for street trees. Tiny, yellow-green flowers grow in loose, upright clusters. It has become a popular species for bonsai in Europe and is used for medium to large bonsai sizes and a multitude of styles. I have two 15 year old Norway Maples. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. It typically produces a large quantity of viable seeds. Other related species in this section include Acer campestre (field maple), Acer cappadocicum (Cappadocian maple), Acer lobelii (Lobel's maple), and Acer truncatum (Shandong maple). Most Red Maples grow to a length of about 50 feet high. Norway maple timber is similar to that of sycamore, being hard, strong and pale cream in colour. Norway Maples commonly line urban streets, although they're considered invasive. They bloom in … Acer nigrum black maple: moist riverbottoms: Acer pensylvanicum. The flowers are in corymbs of 15–30 together, yellow to yellow-green with five sepals and five petals 3–4 mm (0–1⁄4 in) long; flowering occurs in early spring before the new leaves emerge. Look out for: leaf stalks which ooze a milky sap when squeezed. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. The bark of a large Norway Maple does not become deeply furrowed or flaky. Ectoedemia sericopeza, the Norway maple seedminer, is a moth of the family Nepticulidae. Norway maples tolerate many different types of soil and are resistant to air pollution. It may be used for a variety of situations, including furniture and turnery. [citation needed] The sugar maple usually has a brighter orange autumn color, where the Norway maple is usually yellow, although some of the red-leaved cultivars appear more orange. Acer platanoides, commonly known as the Norway maple, is a species of maple native to eastern and central Europe and western Asia, from France east to Russia, north to southern Scandinavia and southeast to northern Iran. Other species with ridged, furrowed bark include the hedge maple and ash-leafed maple. [30] Aceria pseudoplatani is an acarine mite that causes a 'felt gall', found on the underside of leaves of both sycamores (Acer pseudoplatanus) and Norway maples. [22] Some have suggested Norway maples may also release chemicals to discourage undergrowth,[23] although this claim is controversial. Norway maple was introduced to the UK from its native range of eastern and central Europe in the 17th century. Location: Pacific Ave. at Vine Ave. Yellow or greenish-yellow flowers are approximately 8 mm in diameter and are found in clusters that are present from April to May. It is also frequently confused with the more distantly related Acer saccharum (sugar maple). Norway maple. The papery bark can be in various shades of colors, including cinnamon, orange, and reddish-brown. [11][19] The cultivars 'Crimson King'[20] and Princeton Gold='Prigold'[21] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The immature Norway Maple’s bark is a thin layer in young trees. Below you will find a list of diseases that affect maple trunk and bark. Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees. [13] Norway maple sits ambiguously between hard and soft maple with a Janka hardness of 1,010 lbf or 4,500 N. The wood is rated as non-durable to perishable in regard to decay resistance. Opposite. [15] It is most recommended in USDA Hardiness Zones 4 to 7 but will grow in warmer zones (at least up to Zone 10) where summer heat is moderate, as along the Pacific coast south to the Los Angeles basin. These splits can be as much as four feet long. Credit: Nigel Cattlin / Alamy Stock Photo. Bark generally more regularly grooved than sugar maple. Gray furrowed bark of older tree. A rose colored dye can be obtained from the bark. ... On older trees, sugar maple bark is exfoliates while that of the Norway maple is finely grooved. However, it can occasionally yield some nice wood.February 17, 2012. The bark is grey with fine ridges, and the twigs are slender and brown with tiny white spots. It is a hearty tree that can grow in small plots, making it a good tree for urban landscapes. Norway maple can be distinguished from other maple species by the milky white fluid that oozes when the stem of a leaf is broken. The angle of the seeds is wider in Norway maple. Asked May 25, 2017, 10:19 AM EDT. All are upright, columnar forms 10' to 20' wide and 40' to 60' tall. Appearance. Norway maple does not require freezing temperatures for proper growth, however it is adapted to higher latitudes with long summer days and does not perform well when planted south of the 37th parallel, the approximate southern limit of its range in Europe. (All native maples are <90 degrees.) (1992). The bark of the maple tree is characterized by prominent furrows, the bark can show a light gray to greenish-gray color. [24] As a result of these characteristics, it is considered invasive in some states,[25] and has been banned for sale in New Hampshire[26] and Massachusetts. The Norway maple, although largely untested, quickly became the street tree of choice. GB520 6111 04. This has occurred for about 3 years or so. The Norway… However, it is still used for urban plantings in many areas. Columbia University. Where is Norway Maple found in our watershed? Depending on the latitude, leaf drop may vary by as much as three weeks, beginning in the second week of October in Scandinavia and the first week of November in southern Europe. Unlike some other maples that wait for the soil to warm up, A. platanoides seeds require only three months of exposure to temperatures lower than 4 °C (40 °F) and will sprout in early spring, around the same time that leafout begins. If it is gray-black and lightly ridged and furrowed, the tree may be the popular Norway maple, but might also be a red maple. Generally comprised of a single central trunk with short lateral branches. It can be found in the UK as a street tree and is widely planted as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens due to its tall trunk and tolerance of compacted soils, shade and pollution. Other species with ridged, furrowed bark include the hedge maple and ash-leafed maple. Paperbark Maple Tree (Acer Griseum) Paperbark maple (Acer griseum) tree. 'Columnare' is selected for its narrow upright growth. Fruit is a double samara, at obtuse angle. Norway Maples losing bark on trunks and some branches and having some dead branches . The petiole, the stalk of the leaf, is 3 to 8 inches (8 to 20 centimeters) long and secretes a milky juice when broken. Seedlings first were introduced to this country by the famous nurseryman and explorer John Bartram in 1756. Read more about Norway Maple on TreeCanada.ca; Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Invasive Species. My experience says you can and should tap Norway Maples, as other factors make up for the shortcomings of Norway Maples. 1982873. [14] In Europe, it is used for furniture, flooring and musical instruments. This has occurred for about 3 years or so. Fruit is a double samara, at obtuse angle. Like other maples, Norway maple can be tapped for its syrup. [2][3][4] It was brought to North America in the mid-1700s as a shade tree. Norway Maple vs Sycamore Maple. Large deciduous tree, up to 60 feet tall when mature, with a dense canopy. [10][11], The Norway maple is a member (and is the type species) of the section Platanoidea Pax, characterised by flattened, disc-shaped seeds and the shoots and leaves containing milky sap. Norway maple, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The stems and branches release a clear sap when broken. Delivery is free. Planting of Norway maple is prohibited in . Similar in appearance to native sugar maple. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. The fruits of Norway maple are paired samaras with widely diverging wings,[12]:372 distinguishing them from those of sycamore, Acer pseudoplatanus which are at 90 degrees to each other. The flowers emerge in spring before the leaves and last 2-3 weeks. Norway maple is a common urban tree in our watershed. Leaves fade to orange and occasionally red before falling in autumn. Forestland, the norway maple bark ooze a milky sap when squeezed trees are widely planted as a and. 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