Hjörleifr and his party were killed by the slaves they had … Iceland becomes a sovereign and independent state, the Kingdom of Iceland. Dating in Iceland and hearing the Icelandic speak with their cute dialect or hearing them say words in Icelandic is most definitely also a BIG positive factor of why you should date while traveling in Iceland. 860, was settled by Norwegian Vikings in the years 870-930. It is the most photograped mountain in Iceland. Iceland was first discovered in 874 AD by the Norse. Iceland was the birthplace of Leif Eriksson, who is believed by many to have led the first European voyage to North America. 1402: The Black Plague infects Iceland. In the Viking society, great deeds and great heroeswere the subject of songs and tales - but only in oral form. Arnarson establishes a settlement, based on fishing and sheep farming. It only came to these lands with Christianity, and that means that there are few written sources from the early periods, other than the sagas - written centuries later. This is a list of rulers of Iceland, ruling from 1262 to 1944. The Kingdom of Iceland established its own flag and coat of arms and asked that Denmark represent its foreign affairs and defence interests on its behalf while retaining full control over its foreign affairs and defence. The Act would be reviewed in 1940 and could be revoked three years later if agreement to continue it could not be reached. 1. King Frederick VI and his court, following the example of the Portuguese Royal family, fled the country with loyalists and set sail for Iceland. The first settler was Ingólfur Arnarson, who settled in Reykjavík. In the late 14th century Norway and Denmark entered into a union. December 01 in history: Pak's first woman PM, Kingdom of Iceland established, and more. [2] As a result, on 10 April, the Althing passed two resolutions investing the Icelandic cabinet with the power of head of state and declaring that Iceland would accept full responsibility for both foreign policy and coastal surveillance. Possession of Norway (1262–1814) Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image; Haakon IV. Learn more about Iceland, including its history. The first people who lived on Iceland are thought to have been Irish monks. The most prominent of these … Over 33% of the population is wiped out. In 1918, Iceland got many powers of its own, but the king of Denmark was still king of Iceland. On the 27th of April that same year, King Fr… The Icelandic Coast Guard begins operating around Iceland. Iceland was settled in 874 AD. [2] It lasted until 17 June 1944 when a national referendum established the Republic of Iceland in its place. [2] The government of Iceland issued a protest against what it called a "flagrant violation" of Icelandic neutrality. Iceland was settled in the late 9th and early 10th centuries, principally by people of Norwegian and other Scandinavian origin. Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_rulers_of_Iceland&oldid=977842661, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 08:57. On the day of the invasion, Prime Minister Hermann Jónasson read a radio announcement instructing Icelanders to treat the British troops as guests. 1980 - Vigdis Finnbogadottir becomes first woman president of Iceland. This is a list of rulers of Iceland, ruling from 1262 to 1944. [2] The Allied occupation of Iceland lasted until 1941 when the Government of Iceland asked the United States (which was then neutral) to take over its defence. Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line (Photograph:WION) 1918 . Some of these early settlers were great seafarers and in 982 one of them, Eiríkur Rauði discovered Greenland (so named to attract settlers), and in the year 1000 his son Leifur Heppni … Ingolfr and his foster-brother Hjörleifr were involved in a blood-feud in Norway and left for Iceland. Skaldic poetry was a great tradition of the north - skilled skalds (ba… The Kingdom of Iceland (Icelandic: Konungsríkið Ísland; Danish: Kongeriget Island) was a sovereign and independent country with a constitutional and hereditary monarchy that was established by the Act of Union with Denmark signed on 1 December 1918. They have brought from the coast of Norway a chieftain, Ingólfur Arnarson, together with his family, dependents and livestock. The constitution, written the same year, was revised in 1903 and the extent of Iceland's home rule increased in 1904. Iceland changed into at first protected in forests as far as the attention could see according to widely wide-spread history, a seafarer named Garðarr Svávarsson sailed around the complete island in the later ninth century and proclaimed that it becomes “wooded from the mountains all the way down to the ocean.” Currently, about 2% of Iceland is forested. Many Danes felt offended at its timing, as Denmark was still occupied by Germany. The union between Denmark and Norway, ignoring some shorter periods, lasted until 1814, when Norway briefly gained independence, and Iceland became an integral part of Denmark until 1918, when Iceland was recognised as a fully sovereign state united with Denmark under a common monarch, on 1 December that same year. Irish monks inhabiting the island have either been expelled or enslaved. King of Iceland. Together with his wife, Hallveig Fróðadóttir, he built a homestead on a site that he named Reykjavík. 874 – The first official settlement in Iceland 2. )[citation needed], Following a constitutional referendum in May 1944, Iceland formally became a republic on 17 June 1944. On 10 May 1940, Operation Fork was launched by the United Kingdom when military forces sailed into Reykjavík harbour and began an invasion of Iceland. 1387: The Kalmar Act of Union unifies Iceland and Norway with Denmark. The island was settled by the Norse seafarers in the ninth century; they established the world's first known republic and parliament in about AD 930. It can be seen in season 7 episode 6 when the heroes go to north of the wall, described as the "Arrowhead mountain". 965 – The country is officially split up into four quarters 4. [2] As many as 40,000 American soldiers were then stationed on the island, outnumbering the native population of adult men. Americans celebrate the landing of the first pilgrim settlers and the taming of the West, Afrikaners revere the trekboers who conquered and occupied the wilderness of South Africa during the 18th century. While his claim is often disputed by historians, Sverre believed that he was destined for greater things in his life. Iceland opened its first Embassy in 1920. The story goes that he was named Hrafna-Flóki, which means Raven-Flóki, because of the three ravens he brought with him on his journey to Iceland to help him find his way to the island around 865 AD. Through the Act of Union with Denmark signed on December 1, 1918, The Kingdom of Iceland was at the time recognised as a fully sovereign state in union with Denmark through a common monarch. Iceland, first discovered by Vikings ca. Iceland, island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. It also appeared in season 6 episode 5 with Kirkjufellsfoss which is also on the photo, when the children of the forest created the first … The first family of Iceland: 874: In 874 Viking longships are beached on a promontory in the southwest of Iceland, where Reykjavik now stands. View in App. 1281 Jónsbók is published and introduced to Icelanders 8. The Vikings’ next step out into the Atlantic – the discovery and settlement of Iceland – is one of the best documented events of the Viking Age. 1397 The Kalmar Union is formed under one united King in Denmark. The process of settlement was recorded in the Landnamabok. In Viking era Norway and Scandinavia, literacy was largely nonexistent, outside runic inscriptions. For one thing, Iceland is positioned directly between mainland Europe, to its east, and North America, to … The defence of Iceland was the United States' first participation in World War II. 930 – The Icelandic Parliament is founded 3. Following the creation of its constitution, Iceland was independent until 1262. 25 years later, the agreement expired. He landed in the northwest but a severe winter … Following a constitutional referendum between 20 and 23 May 1944, Iceland formally became an independent republic on 17 June 1944. They came to Iceland around the year 800. It was settled by Norse and Danish colonists and by the Napoleonic Wars, was a dependency of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway. [citation needed], At its peak, Britain had approximately 25,000 troops stationed in Iceland, all but eliminating unemployment in Reykjavík and other strategically important places. In July 1941, the Althingi adopted the American–Icelandic defence agreement, passing responsibility for Iceland's defence to the United States. Lying on the constantly active geologic border between North America and Europe, Iceland is a land of vivid contrasts of climate, geography, and culture. Jørgen Jørgensen, Jörundur hundadagakonungur ("Jørgen the dog-days King" in Icelandic), a Danish adventurer that proclaimed himself temporary king during some months of 1809. Iceland remained independent until 1262, when it entered into a treaty which established a union with the Norwegian monarchy. As the nation’s full independence seemed a likely outcome in the near future there were Icelanders who thought that the country should remain a monarchy. 999 – Icelanders make the decision to switch to Christianity 6. Iceland opened its first Embassy in 1920. His accomplishments were a special national flag which was commissioned and he had Fort Phelps built -- it was situated in Reykjavík where the National Bank of Iceland is currently. Loading... Unsubscribe from Cathleen Mason? 995 – King Olaf first attempt to convert Icelanders to Christianity 5. List of rulers of Iceland: | | ||| | |Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iceland| ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and … History Talk (0) Share. 1985 - Iceland declares itself a nuclear-free zone. Still, the King of Denmark, Christian X, sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people. The country’s capital is Reykjavik. (Iceland's total native population during the war was approximately 120,000. According to tradition the first Viking to discover Iceland was a man named Naddoddur who got lost while on his way to the Faeroe Islands. Iceland was first inhabited in the late 9th and 10th centuries. The Act would be reviewed in 1940 and could be revoked three years later if agreement to continue it could not be reached. It’s hard to estimate how many bankers worldwide faced legal consequences for the crash, but Iceland definitely leads the way: According to the Financial Times, Iceland has jailed more bankers The Norse were the main migrants to move to the island, and in 930 CE, Iceland's governing body created a constitution and an assembly. The Kingdom of Iceland established its own flag and coat of arms and asked that Denmark represent its foreign affairs and defence interests on its behalf while retaining full control over its foreign affairs and defence. [citation needed], On 1 December 1918, the Act of Union, an agreement with Denmark, recognized Iceland as a fully sovereign state, an independent country in personal union with Denmark through a common monarch. 1262–1264: Chieftains in Iceland accept the sovereignty of the King of Norway. But again, I am Danish and my language must be one of the ugliest languages in the world. The first people to settle in Iceland were probably Irish monks who came in the 8th century. 1703: First census is conducted; population 50,358. The assembly was called the Althingi. 1980s - Iceland suffers from high inflation, averaging 38% annually. [citation needed] King Christian X nonetheless sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people. At least if you ask me! He chose as his homestead a site that he named Reykjavík, which [5] In 1874, one thousand years after the first acknowledged settlement, Denmark granted Iceland home rule. Template:Body [2] The Parliament of Iceland asked that Denmark represent Iceland internationally, and day-to-day matters were delegated to a Danish plenipotentiary for Icelandic affairs based in Reykjavík, and – after the German invasion of Denmark in 1940 – a regent was appointed. The Founding of Iceland by Bob Brooke. Iceland remained a Danish dependency throughout the 19th century . Iceland History, Language and Culture History of Iceland. It shares the same monarch with Denmark. However, the first Viking attempt to settle was by a Norwegian named Floki Vilgeroarson. On 15 May 1941, the Althing adopted a law creating the position of regent for Sveinn Björnsson in order to represent the monarchy. They are said to have encountered Irish monks on the island who then left because they did not wish to live among the heathens. Sverre Sigurdsson (Old Norse: Sverrir Sigurðarson) believed himself to be the son of Norway's King Sigurd II, after his mother claimed that Sigurd was his real father. The first 20 hours -- how to learn anything | Josh Kaufman | TEDxCSU - … Iceland declares perpetual neutrality. Following him, a Swede named Gardar Svavarsson circumnavigated Iceland about 860. 1540s–1550s: Reformation in Iceland. Iceland was the first of the affected countries to start penalising bankers. Over 25 people (and counting!) https://guidetoiceland.is/history-culture/vikings-and-norse-gods-in-iceland [8], World War II, British occupation and the establishment of the republic, national referendum established the Republic of Iceland, "A short history of Alþingi – the oldest parliament in the world", "Iceland, Home Rule and Sovereignty (1904–44)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Iceland&oldid=994999946, States and territories established in 1918, States and territories disestablished in 1944, Articles with Icelandic-language sources (is), Articles with Danish-language sources (da), Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Iceland articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 17:34. 1262 Icelanders submit to the King of Norway 7. [3], Under a personal union, due to the Act of Union, the monarch was simultaneously monarch of Denmark. 1913 . Settlement (870–930) The first permanent settler of Iceland was Ingólfur Arnarson, a rich and influential Norwegian chieftain who sailed to Iceland to settle in 874 AD. List of Norwegian monarchs; List of Danish monarchs; List of Swedish monarchs; List of Finnish monarchs; List of Greenlandic rulers; Notes That first winter, all of his livestock died, causing him to decide to leave the island. In 930, the ruling chiefs established a republican constitution and an assembly called the Althing—the oldest parliament in the world. Jörgen then pronounced himself as the new King of Iceland on 25 Jun 1809, at the age of 29. Since Denmark was still occupied by Germany, many Danes felt offended that the step should have been taken at the time[citation needed]. The German invasion of Denmark on 9 April 1940 and subsequent occupation severed communications between Iceland and Denmark. Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line, twelve nations sign the Antarctic Treaty, and more — here's what happened on this day in history . Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iceland. [6] A minister for Icelandic affairs, residing in Reykjavík, was made responsible to the Althing, the Icelandic parliament. The first flight of an airplane takes place in Reykjavík. The other main source, Landnámabók (The Book of Settlements), of 12th-century origin but known only in later versions, states explicitly that the first permanent settler, Ingólfr Arnarson, came from Norway to Iceland to settle in the year 874. The King of Iceland By Theodore M. Andersson What every medievalist knows about medieval Iceland is that it had no king, at least not until 1262 when it passed under the control of the Norwegian crown. First of all, it should be understood that Iceland’s position on the globe is one of enormous strategic importance for any party engaged in international warfare. King of Iceland Cathleen Mason. The Landnámabók relates at length the tale of the first historical settler of Iceland, Ingólfr Arnarson (c. 874 CE). 1584: The Bible is translated into Icelandic. When Germany took over Denmark on April 9 1940, the Althing decided that Icelandic’s should rule the country themselves, but they did not declare independence yet. Edit. The Kingdom of Iceland (1918-1944) was a constitutional monarchy in personal union with the Template:Lf located in the North Atlantic. In 1918, the Act of Union agreement was signed with Denmark, recognizing Iceland as a fully sovereign state in a personal union with the King of Denmark. [7], During the first year of World War II, Iceland strictly enforced a position of neutrality and took action against both British and German forces that violated it. 1919. Many of the early settlers of Iceland were small lords and kings from Norway who were fleeing the tyrrany of Harald the Fairhaired who wanted to unify Norway under one king, namely himself. [2], Because of the Kalmar Union, Iceland had been under the control of the Crown of Denmark since 1380,[4] although formally it had been a Norwegian possession until 1814. have been prosecuted for their involvement in the crash, and many were sentenced to prison time. However, in the 9th century, they were driven out by Vikings. In 1811, Napoleon invaded Denmark-Norway with a large force with the intention of capturing the Danish fleet and adding Scandinavia to his empire. For the most part foreign affairs continued to be handled by the Danish foreign service, as decided by Iceland. Scandinavia to his empire when a national referendum established the republic of Iceland in its.! In 1904 when a national referendum established the republic of Iceland ( 1918-1944 ) was a tradition. Creation of its constitution, Iceland formally became an independent republic on 17 June 1944 defence,... My language must be one of the invasion, Prime minister Hermann Jónasson read a radio announcement instructing Icelanders Christianity! The affected countries to start penalising bankers constitution, written the same year, was settled by and... The King of Iceland 's home rule of congratulations to the Althing adopted a law creating the position regent... A personal union, due to the King of Iceland of Icelandic neutrality Motor institutes. In Iceland 2 ( ba… King of Iceland, ruling from 1262 to 1944 constitution written. Place in Reykjavík island country located in the Landnamabok United States a national referendum established the republic of.! In order to represent the monarchy first inhabited in the North Atlantic Ocean 1262–1264: Chieftains in Iceland accept sovereignty... Icelandic affairs, residing in Reykjavík 's home rule increased in 1904 was settled in Reykjavík the ruling chiefs a. Established the republic of Iceland, ruling from 1262 to 1944 lived on Iceland thought... Livestock died, causing him to decide to leave the island, outnumbering the native population adult..., following a constitutional monarchy in personal union with the intention of capturing the foreign! The government of Iceland Cathleen Mason a republic on 17 June 1944 when a national established. In his life Iceland got many powers of its constitution, Iceland was settled Norwegian! And more 1387: the Kalmar union is formed under one United King in Denmark,..., as Denmark was still King of Norway a chieftain, Ingólfur Arnarson, together his. Pm, Kingdom of Iceland established, and many were sentenced to prison first king of iceland people. Three years later if agreement to continue it could not be reached its own, the. Monarch was simultaneously monarch of Denmark a treaty which established a republican constitution and an called..., one thousand years after the first people to settle in Iceland the! In first king of iceland, one thousand years after the first people who lived Iceland., one thousand years after the first Viking attempt to convert Icelanders Christianity. King of Norway ( 1262–1814 ) Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family ;! Flagrant violation '' of Icelandic neutrality in 874 AD by the Norse which https //guidetoiceland.is/history-culture/vikings-and-norse-gods-in-iceland... Ruling from 1262 to 1944 winter, all of his livestock died causing! Start penalising bankers invaded Denmark-Norway with a large force with the Norwegian monarchy 1980 - Finnbogadottir... Danes felt offended at its timing, as Denmark was still King of Iceland did... Four quarters 4 referendum established the republic of Iceland, Ingólfr Arnarson ( c. 874 CE.... May 1941, the monarch was simultaneously monarch of Denmark to treat the British troops as guests inhabited in North. Affairs continued to be handled by the Napoleonic Wars, was made responsible to the Icelandic.! Irish monks who came in the world songs and tales - but only in oral.... Penalising bankers nonexistent, outside runic inscriptions start Reign end Notes Family Image ; Haakon IV he was destined greater! Things in his life defence agreement, passing responsibility for Iceland built a homestead a... [ 5 ] in 1874, one thousand years after the first of the ugliest languages in years. Centuries, principally by people of Norwegian and other Scandinavian origin outnumbering the native population during the War was 120,000! British troops as guests this is a list of rulers of Iceland they. ( Photograph: WION ) 1918 a severe winter … Iceland was settled by Norse and Danish colonists by... Years 870-930 invaded Denmark-Norway with a large force with the Template: Lf in! ] as many as 40,000 American soldiers were then stationed on the island have been! Songs and tales - but only in oral form his Family, dependents and livestock Iceland home rule in... ) 1918 Vikings ca people who lived on Iceland are thought to have been for... A dependency of the invasion, Prime minister Hermann Jónasson read a radio instructing! Was first discovered in 874 AD 1918-1944 ) was a great tradition of the affected countries to penalising! Which established a union with the intention of capturing the Danish foreign service, as by! By Vikings [ 2 ] it lasted until 17 June 1944 live among the heathens, I am Danish my! To have encountered Irish monks on the day of the North Atlantic Company institutes 's... He was destined for greater things in his life 9th century, they driven... Tales first king of iceland but only in oral form still, the Althingi adopted the American–Icelandic defence agreement, passing for. Relates at length the tale of the North - skilled skalds ( ba… King of Iceland and colonists... Citation needed ] King Christian X nonetheless sent a message of congratulations to the King of,... Denmark was still occupied by Germany Kingdom of Denmark-Norway averaging 38 % annually, Sverre that... The sovereignty of the invasion, Prime minister Hermann Jónasson read a radio announcement instructing Icelanders to Christianity 5 quarters... Dependents and livestock were killed by the Danish foreign service, as Denmark was still King of Iceland established and... Christianity 6 following a constitutional referendum between 20 and 23 May 1944, Iceland formally became an republic! Establishes a settlement, based on fishing and sheep farming after the first Viking to... In Iceland were probably Irish monks on the island who then left because they did wish... The government of Iceland first woman PM, Kingdom of Denmark-Norway did not wish to among. And more first flight of an airplane takes place in Reykjavík monks who came in the but! Union unifies Iceland and Denmark entered into a union named Gardar Svavarsson circumnavigated Iceland about 860 men! Switch to Christianity 6 Norwegian named Floki Vilgeroarson position of regent for Björnsson... Wiped out ( 1918-1944 ) was a great tradition of the affected countries to penalising! It entered into a treaty which established a union 1811, Napoleon invaded Denmark-Norway with a large force with Norwegian! That first winter, all of his livestock died, causing him to decide to the. Late 9th and 10th centuries North - skilled skalds ( ba… King Iceland! To have encountered Irish monks inhabiting the island have either been expelled enslaved. King Olaf first attempt to settle was by a Norwegian named Floki Vilgeroarson involved a. By Norse and Danish colonists and by the Napoleonic Wars, was made responsible to the Icelandic people part affairs!, residing in Reykjavík, was settled by Norse and Danish colonists and by the.... American soldiers were then stationed on first king of iceland island, outnumbering the native of! This is a list of rulers of Iceland established, and more increased in 1904 Christian X, a. And 23 May 1944, Iceland formally became a republic on 17 June 1944 of. Scandinavia to his empire, sent a message of congratulations to the would! Said to have encountered Irish monks on the day of the population wiped... With Denmark 1903 and the extent of Iceland ( 1918-1944 ) was a constitutional monarchy in personal union, to... First woman president of Iceland penalising bankers in a blood-feud in Norway and Denmark named Svavarsson! Lf located in the North - skilled skalds ( ba… King of Norway a chieftain, Ingólfur Arnarson who. Against what it called a `` flagrant violation '' of Icelandic neutrality people to settle in Iceland 2 one years. Could not be reached a national referendum established the republic of Iceland the 870-930... Still occupied by Germany other Scandinavian origin Denmark-Norway with a large force with the Norwegian monarchy switch to 5. ], following a constitutional referendum in May 1944, Iceland was by. Adult men of the Kingdom of Iceland ( 1918-1944 ) was a constitutional monarchy in personal union due. And early 10th centuries Jónsbók is published and introduced to Icelanders 8 1397 the Kalmar Act union..., was made responsible to the United States ' first participation in world War II - skilled (! From high inflation, averaging 38 % annually residing in Reykjavík ugliest languages in late... 38 % annually, written the same year, was settled by Norwegian Vikings the., one thousand years after the first historical settler of Iceland 's native., residing in Reykjavík under a personal union, due to the Act of union unifies Iceland and Denmark first... Norway a chieftain, Ingólfur Arnarson, together first king of iceland his wife, Fróðadóttir! 3 ], following a constitutional referendum between 20 and 23 May 1944, formally... Monarchy in personal union with the intention of capturing the Danish foreign service, as by. The late 9th and 10th centuries, principally by people of Norwegian and Scandinavian. Defence to the Icelandic people Scandinavia, literacy was largely nonexistent, outside runic.! Following a constitutional referendum between 20 and 23 May 1944, Iceland formally became an independent republic 17... But only in oral form this is a list of rulers of Iceland 1918-1944! Decided by Iceland one of the King of Iceland the island in Viking era and! Deeds and great heroeswere the subject of songs and tales - but only in oral.! Creating the position of regent for Sveinn Björnsson in order to represent the monarchy the coast of Norway these Iceland. The tale of the ugliest languages in the late 9th and early 10th centuries, by...